History of Phönix Flugzeugwerke
Contrary to much aircraft manufacturers, Phönix ("Phoenix") was formed in March 1917 as an Austro-Hungarian plant based in Vienna first building licensed production of the Albatros and Brandenburg models.
During its short span, in close collaboration with lloyd, the company would built only two planes, a fighter and a multipurpose biplane. But the fighter was of such quality that it rose at the very top of Austro-Hungarian charts. It was the second design based on the Hansa-Brandenburg D.I which was until then built under licence.
It was a single-seat biplane fighter with many improvements over the original design. This model was declined into the D.II and D.III sub-variants and used long after the war under the name J.1 with the Swedish air force. This was probably the best Austro-Hungarian fighter of the war, flew by its most prominent aces like Kurt Gruber, Roman Schmidt, Karl Teichmann, Godwin Brumowski, Benno Fiala Ritter von Fernbrugg, Franz Gräser, Karl Nikitsch, Frank Linke-Crawford and József Kiss.
The compact, stubby Phönix D.I was a pure dogfighter, fast, very agile and resilient.
On the other hand the C.I was derived from the license-built Hansa Brandenburg C.II as a two-seat reconnaissance and multipurpose biplane. Its gunner had an excellent, unobstructed field of fire and it was fast, propelled by a 230 HP Hiero engine, able to bring it to 175 kph with a climbing time to 1000m under 4 min 30 sec.
96 were manufactured, first tested in Vienna at Aspern and placed into service from the spring of 1918, remaining in service until the end of the First World War. After the war, Sweden built 30 more of these under license, still in service until the late 1920s.
The C.I was a sturdy and fast multipurpose biplane
- Phönix D.1 1917 (96)
- Phönix C.1 1918 (155)