Luftverkehrsgesellschaft m.b.H. (L.V.G.)
LVG C.VI (wikimedia commons)
This German aircraft manufacturer was based in Berlin-Johannisthal, and started operations in 1912, focusing on Farman-type biplane pushers. LVG started operation of dirigibles before turning in 1912 its attention to heavier-than-air. In 1914, LVG had already turned to military aircrafts, and concentrated mostly on reconnaissance types and light bombers with a production estimated to about 2,000. The C.VI was by far the most successful model of the whole serie. In fact the 1916 raid on London was conducted by one LVG C.IV, dropped its bombs near Victoria station, and shot down by French AA gunners on its way home. Other aircraft manufactured at LVG: The Albatros B.II and C.II, Gotha G.IV and Sablatnig SF.5.
LVG B.I (wikimedia commons)
The C serie began with the B.I, the company's first original design. The B.I was an unequal-span two-seat biplane with a fixed tailskid landing gear with a 80 kW (100 hp) Mercedes D.I engine in a tractor configuration. production records are unknown but either limited to a few prototypes or a short preserie. The B.II was the main production version, developed with an upper wing cut-out for better pilot vision and help spotting ground objectives. It was fitted with a 90 kW (120 hp) Mercedes D.II engine and entered service in 1915. It was mainly as a trainer like most small production airplanes, and for unarmed reconnaissance. The next variant was the B.III strengthened structurally to be used as a two-seat trainer with a double steering. Production of the latter is unknown. The B.II was also used by the Bulgarian Air Force and Ottoman Air Force, and after the war the Royal Danish Air Force.
LVG C.II (wikimedia commons)
The C.II was developed from the B.I, but with the pilot and observer's positions reversed. In addition the observer cockpit was given a ring-mounted machine gun for defense. Heavier, the plane required a much powerful Benz Bz.III inline engine, but few of these C.I's were built as the C.II was introduced which incorporated structural improvements and yet a more powerful engine. The C.II bombed London on 28 November 1916. the first planes to do so after Zeppelins in 1915.
The next LVG C.III was a single experimental aircraft, with observer and machine gun moved to front in a single tandem seat cockpit. The C.IV was slightly larger, and propelled by a 160 kW (220 hp) Mercedes D.IV engine. It is unknown if any production took place. The C.II was used also by the German Navy, and the Swiss Air Force after the war. The C.V a two-bay biplane with a plywood covered fuselage with unstaggered wings of equal span plus tandem open cockpits for the pilot and observer. Its ailerons on the upper wing featured large aerodynamic balances. After the war, about 150 were captured and reused by Polish forces and therefore other incidental users became Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia (about 30 aircraft in all). The C.V was also used by the Ottoman Air Force.
The C.VI was the most famous and produced plane of the company.
LVG Eindecker E.I prototype (wikimedia commons)
The Eindecker E.I was a 1915 fighter prototype designed by Franz Schneider, of relatively unusual conception as it was a two-seat model and featured ailerons as opposed to the the usual wing warping system. It was propelled by a Mercedes D.II, 89 kW (120 hp) and was armed with a rear firing machine gun on a flexible ring mounting, and forward synchronized machine gun. By that time this made it a heavy fighter, unheard of for monoplanes. The only prototype was destroyed en route to testing.
LVG advertising (wikimedia commons)
- LVG B.I recce/trainer 1914 (5?)
- LVG B.II recce/trainer 1915 (c100)
- LVG B.III trainer aircraft 1915 (c50)
- LVG C.I recce (5?)
- LVG C.II - recce (c300)
- LVG C.III (1)
- LVG C.IV recce (1)
- LVG C.V recce (c400)
- LVG C.VI - (1,000+)
- LVG C.VIII (1)
- LVG C.IX Project
- LVG D 10
- LVG D.II (1)
- LVG D.III (1)
- LVG D.IV (1)
- LVG D.V (1)
- LVG D.VI (1)
- LVG E.I (1)
- LVG G.I bomber ()
- LVG G.II triplane ()
- LVG G.III triplane bomber =Schütte-Lanz G.V ()