History of the company
Siemens Schuckert was founded in 1903 when Siemens & Halske acquired Schuckertwerke. The former specialized in communications engineering and the final merged company in power engineering and pneumatic instrumentation. Due to its skilled workforce, engineers and assembly space, the company turned to military contracts during the war and the production of aircraft. In 1908 already the company had experience in designing original vehicles. After a long exclipse, the company will return to aircraft production during WW2 at Monowitz near Auschwitz, using slave labor from nearby Bobrek concentration camp. The Siemens Schuckert logo was still used into the late 1960s before the companies merged with the Siemens-Reiniger-Werke AG, now Siemens AG.
SSW R.VIII heavy bomber 1918 (wikimedia commons)
Siemens-Schuckert models in detail
The company produced also aircraft engines under the Siemens-Halske brand, which evolved after World War I into Brandenburgische Motorenwerke, or simply Bramo, in 1936, and purchased in 1939 by BMW Flugmotorenbau. Although the company is best known for its high performances, late interceptors, it designed and produced in fact a large range of heavy bombers which complemented the Gothas. Its SSW R-series designed for strategic (long range) bombing mission, were characterized by three 150 h.p Benz Bz.III engine inside the fuselage, the propellers being cranked by external gear boxes mounted on the struts. This allowed in the case of engine failure, extremely common at the time,to be repaired in relatively comfortable conditions by the in-flight mechanic. However despite military designation they were prototypes, in total nine were manufactured. Read More: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riesenflugzeug#SSW
The unique Siemens Schuckert B (fyingmachines.ru)
The other "folder" of the company was its flirt with Fighters. The first one was the Bulldogge, or "Bulldog", based on a pre-war design constructed for Prince Friedrich Sigismund of Prussia. Two monoplanes were built, that differed only in the disposition of their engine, a 100 hp Siemens-Halske Sh I, or a 100 hp Mercedes D I. Completed early in 1915, they were showcased and tested but declined by the idflieg for production due to their poor performance and agility. Four photos exists at least of these planes. The unique "B-type" was a single prototype, built in 1915 for reconnaissance with equal span, straight edged, constant chord wings mounted without stagger. They had parallel pairs of interplane struts crossed with additional diagonal strut and bays plus diagonal flying wires. Outward leaning N-form struts were fitted on the upper fuselage and fully semi-circular cut-out for the pilot's vision. It was propelled by a 110 hp (82 kW) Siemens-Halske Sh.I nine cylinder rotary engine (153 kph (95 mph; 83 kn)). The prototype was sent for operations to the communications centre at Ostend. It crashed and the parts were retrieved by Siemens-Schuckert and recycled to built the E.II monoplane.
Siemens-Schuckert Forssman (wikimedia commons)
The Siemens-Schuckert DD 5 was the first fighter developed by the company. The design was signed by the Steffen Brothers, Franz and Bruno, as a single seat fighter which was completed in the autumn of 1915. This plane bore a strong resemblance to the earlier Type B. It featured tapered wings with steel tube and a plywood covered fuselage like the Eindecker series. It was propelled by a 110 h.p. Siemens-Halske Sh I. and armed with a single cowl-mounted synchronized Spandau machine-gun. It was shown to the Idflieg but not ordered. Rejection was due to poor aerodynamic qualities and bad cockpit visibility. The company also produced a serie of Eindecker starting in late 1915 with the E.I, of which 20 were built, followed by a single E.II prototype and six E.IIIs (See blow). The D series fighter was the best known. Many however stayed at prototype stage, like the D.II, D.V, D.VI which for the latter, first flew in 1919. Small, agile and very powerful despite their unreliable engine due to the ersatz oil used, the D.III and D.IV were probably among the best fighters on the Western front, although in quantities they never reached the level of the Fokkers and Albatros, a pinprick in comparison of the staggering numbers of SPADS, SE.5 or Sopwith delivered by the allies.
Siemens-Schuckert D.III (wikimedia commons)
Siemens-Schuckert Torpedogleiter, unmanned flying torpedo towed by an Albatros D.III, and below, in a workshop.
Perhaps the most forward-thinking device ever created were the unmanned, radio-controlled glide bombs and torpedoes made by the company. In fact the carrying system was the biplane, with controls, tails and wings, which opened itself by the belly to deliver its payload. It was towed and dropped at the right distance, then the operator used radio frequences proper to the guidance system to guide it visually to the target. This way the plane stayed out of harm's way because of the limited range AA naval artillery of the time. More: http://warnepieces.blogspot.com/2011/12/guided-missiles-world-war-one-style.html
- Siemens-Schuckert Bulldogge single-seat monoplane, 1915 (2)
- Siemens-Schuckert B type reconnaissance biplane 1915 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert DD 5 fighter biplane 1915 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert D.I/D.Ia fighter 1916 (95)
- Siemens-Schuckert D.II fighter prototypes 1917 (c5)
- Siemens-Schuckert D.III fighter 1917 (80)
- Siemens-Schuckert D.IV fighter 1918 (123)
- Siemens-Schuckert D.V fighter 1918 (3)
- Siemens-Schuckert D.VI fighter 1919 (2)
- Siemens-Schuckert Dr.I fighter 1917 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert DDr.I fighter 1917 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert E.I monoplane fighter 1915 (21)
- Siemens-Schuckert E.II monoplane fighter 1915 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert E.III monoplane fighter 1915 (6)
- Siemens-Schuckert L.I (G.III) 1917 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert R.I heavy bomber 1915 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert R.II heavy bomber 1915 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert R.III heavy bomber 1916 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert R.IV heavy bomber 1916 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert R.V heavy bomber 1917 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert R.VI heavy bomber 1917 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert R.VII heavy bomber 1918 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert R.VIII Heavy bomber 1918 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert R.IX heavy bomber 1918 (design study)
- Siemens-Schuckert Forssman heavy bomber 1915 (1)
- Siemens-Schuckert Torpedogleiter (radio control glide bombs) 1918
Siemens-Schuckert Serial Models
Siemens-Schuckert E.I (wikimedia commons)
The Siemens-Schuckert E.I (Eindecker or "monoplane") was a German fighter aircraft which first flew in late 1915. The wings were wire braced and it was powered by the Siemens-Halske Sh.I rotary engine, armed with a single LMG 08/15 machine gun. The Idflieg tested it and it was approved for a lmited production: Only 20 models were delivered which reached the front in early 1916. This model was followed by the E.II, a single prototype powered by 89 kW (120 hp) Argus As.II inline engine, later destroyed in an accident, which stopped all development. The last Eindecker was the E.III, of which only 6 were delivered. It was powered by a 75 kW (100 hp) Oberursel U.I, 9-cylinder rotary engine (Gnome Delta copy).